(plus how to make a 1: 8 scale papercraft robot model)
author: Joan Lääne, Map Maker, Starship Technologies
Every September as the new year begins, many beginners in the first grade fear a bit of the unknown. Not just starting school and meeting new people, but also about travel that they have to make every day. They need to learn and remember how to walk the earth and the way to and from their classroom. This can be minimized by a parent who is able to take their child for the first few trips back to familiarize them with the road, often showing interesting signs along the way, such as tall or bright houses or signs on the road. Eventually it will be too small for the child to go to school and remember the process. The child will have developed a mind map of the world and how to navigate it.
Starship Technologies offers an excellent service to deliver the final milestones and naval robots that orbit the earth every day. Our robots have completed over 100,000. From point A to B the robots have to plan a route that would require a map. While there are already many public maps available such as Google Maps and OpenStreetMaps, they are limited in their ability to compile driving ideas and primarily look at traffic maps. Since robots can travel on the road, they need accurate maps of crossings and intersections just as a child needs a mental map of how to get to school safely and on time every day. So how are maps made?
The first step in mapping for robots is to look at interesting landscapes and create original maps (2D maps) on top of satellite images such as intersecting lines for roads (green), transit (red), and navigation (purple) as shown in the image below.
The system uses the map as a diagram and can be used to create a route from point A to B. The machines can detect the shortest and safest route a robot can take and calculate the length and time it can take to navigate the route. The advantage of this method is that everything can be done remotely before the robots arrive at the site.
The next section involves showing robots how the world looks. Similar to the analogy between a parent and a child, robots need to hold hands for the first time when they see an area. When the robot is running for the first time, most of the cameras and sensors on the robot capture much of the surrounding world. This includes thousands of lines from various materials, such as houses, street pillars and roofs. The server is able to create a 3D world map from lines that the robot can use. As a child, the robot now has a world-class design sensor and is able to understand where it is at any given moment.
Since our robots had to set different locations at the same time to complete their entire deployment, so different maps could be used to create a single 3D map of a given area. The linked map is piece by piece by plotting the various parts of the area until at last the map looks like a giant jigsaw puzzle. The server integrates the maps together based on a previously collected robotic line. For example, if on the same roof were found two robots, the program detects how it connects to all other maps. Each of the black lines in the diagram below represents one additional map of the map.
The last part of the map, before the robots can move independently, is to calculate the location and distance of the road. This is done by arranging camera images captured on the robot viewing the site as a guide and combining pre-designed 2D maps to capture satellite images.
During this time, more information is added to the map to better identify the robots’ ability to navigate.
Obviously, the world around us is unstable. There are daily changes as well as climate, design and maintenance, which change the way the world looks. How would this affect the location of robots? Basically, the robot program effectively manages small to medium changes in the area. 3D models are solid enough and full of a lot of information, that a tree cut down here or a single house that has been demolished there does not cause problems for robots to find its location or use a map. And, in addition, the robot rotates on a daily basis and continues to collect information that is used to replicate 3D maps over time. But if the area is completely changed, or the new roadways, then the answer is simple. The map needs to be updated based on the new data obtained by the robot. Afterwards, other robots can operate independently in the same location as if nothing had happened. Keeping maps up to date is crucial for robots to be able to run smoothly and independently.
As you can prove right now, I love playing around with the idea of three-dimensional graphics. Ever since I played the first 3D computer game (Wolfenstein 3D), the 3D world that became digital has become my passion. I wanted to make my own 3D games on computer games, which is why I found ways to modify existing games. Later, I tested my hand again with 3D computers, which I found interesting. With the popularity and low cost of 3D printers, I have also started physical printing. But before this, during recess in school, I used to make drawings of various houses and cars. This was an easy and inexpensive way to make something with my own hands, but it was still fun to see how the 2D layout on paper, with a little cutting, wrapping and stitching, could turn into a 3D color. Basically, making a papercraft for a 3D object or “revealing”, in a way, is different from making a map. It creates a 2D shape on top of a 3D object.
Since I love art, I decided to design one of our Starship shipping robots. The purpose of creating this brand is to help others who would enjoy what I do to create our own rendering robots. Making a piece of paper is a fun challenge, and once you finish it, you also make a decorative item. As with the 3D mapping of a robot, the design of an imaging machine requires precision, precision, and a temporary sense of how all the parts fit together. Also a little patience.
I have provided you instructions on how to design your own papercraft robot and I would love to see your efforts. Have fun and have fun making your own robot delivery machine!
Please post a picture of your robot on Instagram and post @StarshipRobots to find them!
Please find the type of Starship robot papercraft model and instructions Pano
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